Madrid is a city that comes under the Mediterranean climate. Due to high altitude winters are cooler with periodic snowfalls. Minimum temperature falls below 0 °C (32 °F). Madrid’s summer is hot with temperatures touching 30 °C (86 °F) in July and that can often reach up to 40 °C (104 °F). Due to its high altitude base and dry climate Madrid experiences cooler nights in the summer, compared to the scorching heat of the day.
Precipitation levels are low, but precipitation can be observed all throughout the year. Summer and winter are the driest seasons. Most of the rainfall occurs in the autumn and spring.
Madrid mountainous regions consist of peaks rising above 2000m. The Madrid community conserves an ecological diversity of the evergreen Holm Oak trees in the low lying plains, in spite of the city having a population of approximately 5 million people. With excellent road links and all the facilities by the tourist board, it makes for an ideal place for the visiting birdwatcher and tourist.
Madrid’s average altitude is 650m. Most of the Madrid lies in southern sub-meseta which is comparatively flat than West region. West region rises steeply into the Sierra De of the Sistema Central, with Peñalara which is the highest mountain in Madrid. On the contrary the Province of Madrid is relatively small and situated in the heart of the Spain.